The city of Wiesbaden dates back to classical antiquity, when the settlement Aquis Mattiacis was founded, whose name is still engraved on the Kurhaus. The springs, which are famous for Wiesbaden, were created by the ancient Romans. Moreover the city’s name derives from those springs, as the former name Wisibadi means „bath in the meadows“.
Around 1170 Wiesbaden had become a ducal royal seat. Due to its wealth, urban development could take place and the old town hall, which nowadays is the oldest building in Wiesbaden, was built from 1609 to 1610.
In 1866 after the German War, Wiesbaden lost its title as as royal seat. However it was soon called an imperial city because of Kaiser Wilhelm II. being a regular visitor.
Prosperous citizens followed and invested in the city, so that magnificent buildings such as the Kurhaus and the state theatre could be built.
In the early 20th century, Wiesbaden had the biggest number of millionaires in Germany, but the period as a popular spa town ended during the First World War.
Fortunately, Wiesbaden was spared from attacks during the Second World War for the most part and was appointed as Hesse’s capital city in 1945.
In the near surrounding area of Wiesbaden are further important cities such as the metropole and one of the central european cities Frankfurt, the historic student city Mainz as well as the wine city and UNESCO world heritage Rüdesheim.
As the city with the second largest gross domestic product of the state Hesse, Wiesbaden is one of the ten most prosperous cities of Germany.
The hessian state theatre, the Museum Wiesbaden, concerts in the cultural centre Schlachthof and in the Kurhaus, the Rheingau music festival, the Caligari FilmBühne, the house of literature as well as a large number of festivals lay the foundations for Wiesbaden’s culture.
Wiesbaden as the heart of Europe and the capital city of the state Hesse offers a wonderful ambience for events such as the Wiesbaden Model United Nations conference 2018.